Category Archives: Cassetricity

Reviving the lost art of the mixtape

Spooky Choons

I heard – with shut eyes but acute hearing – I heard the eerie music. I heard the chilling sounds of a DJ mixing, and then, on the working of a powerful engine, heard signs of notes and stirring with uneasy beats, cautious blending. Frightful, must it be, for supremely frightful would be the effect of any DJ endeavor to rock the stupendous mechanism of the creator of such a mix.

01. Ghost Town *|* The Specials
02. Scary Monsters (And Super Creeps) *|* David Bowie
03. Straight To Hell *|* The Clash
04. Dead Man’s Party *|* Oingo Boingo
05. The Blood *|* The Cure
06. Dead *|* Pixies
07. Scooby Doo *|* Hoyt Curtain & Singers
08. Evil Ways *|* Willie Bobo
09. Bad Moon Rising *|* Credence Clearwater Revival
10. Boris The Spider *|* The Who
11. Frankenstein *|* Edgar Winter Group
12. Runnin’ With The Devil *|* Van Halen
13. Highway To Hell *|* AC/DC
14. The Addams Family *|* Vic Mizzy
15. Hell *|* James Brown
16. I Put A Spell On You *|* Screamin’ Jay Hawkins
17. Spooky *|* Dusty Springfield
18. Evil (Is Going On) *|* Howlin’ Wolf
19. Witchcraft *|* Joe Graves & The Diggers
20. The Twilight Zone
21. Demon’s Theme (Part II) *|* LTJ Bukem

I Want My MTV!

Date: 01 August 1981
Time: 00:01 EST
Place: New York City, NY
Purpose: To play music videos (no, really it was).
Slogan: “I want my MTV!”
VJs: Nina Blackwood, Mark Goodman, Alan Hunter, JJ Jackson and Martha Quinn

With the words, “Ladies and gentlemen, rock and roll”, a crunchy guitar riff and footage of the Apollo 11 moon landing (with the US flag replaced by an MTV flag, of course), MTV was born.

Even though only a few thousand people from a single cable channel system in New Jersey saw the initial transmissions, a revolution was started.

The format when MTV began was modeled after a Top 40 radio station. But instead of DJs (disc jockeys), MTV had VJs (video jockeys). The original five eventually became superstar celebrities and were, collectively, the face of the station.

Most of the early videos were very crude and usually consisted of either promotional footage or concert footage of the band. But that didn’t matter. Now you could SEE the music as well as HEAR the music.

Rock, Alternative and New Wave were the flavour of the day. A lot of the bands that made this kind of music and, indeed, some of the biggest bands of the 1980s can attribute their success directly to the amount of airplay they received on MTV in the early part of the decade. But when the president of CBS Records complained about the lack of black artists being played, especially his heavy hitter Michael Jackson, things began to change.

‘Billie Jean’ was the first video by a black artist to be shown and by the end of 1983, when the 14 minute epic ‘Thriller’ was released the entire format was changed from Rock to Pop and R&B.

For the next five years MTV ruled the airwaves. Everyone had it. Everyone wanted more. And everyone talked about the bands being played. It was a great time to be a kid in the ‘know’ and a music fan.

In 1984 the MTV Video Music Awards started. 1986 saw the introduction of the Alternative show ‘120 Minutes’. ‘Headbangers Ball’ started in 1987 and ‘Yo! MTV Raps’ in 1988.

The early 1990s saw the beginning of other shows such as, ‘MTV News’, ‘Club MTV’, ‘Remote Control’, ‘MTV Unplugged’ and ‘Liquid Television’.

Unfortunately, all of these conventional shows, as good as they were, began to take away from the time that videos could be shown. And the demise of the station began.

By the mid-1990s nearly all of the programming was non-music or reality based. MTV still carries on today but now they have had to start several other channels (MTV2, MTV Tr3s, MTV Hits, MTV Jams and mtvU) in order to show any music at all.

But fear not! I am going to take you all the way back to the beginning. This mix includes some of the songs that were played on MTV on 01 August 1981. I must admit a few tears were shed in compiling and mixing this set and lots of memories came flooding back. I hope that you enjoy listening to it as much as I did creating it.

Shout at the top of your lungs ‘I want my MTV!’ to hear the mix.

01. Video Killed The Radio Star – The Buggles
02. You Better Run – Pat Benatar
03. You Better You Bet – The Who
04. We Don’t Talk Anymore – Cliff Richard
05. Brass In Pocket – The Pretenders
06. Take It On The Run – REO Speedwagon
07. Just Between You & Me – April Wine
08. In The Air Tonight – Phil Collins
09. I Wanna Be A Lifeguard – Blotto
10. Oliver’s Army – Elvis Costello
11. Tusk – Fleetwood Mac
12. Rapture – Blondie
13. Ashes To Ashes – David Bowie
14. Once In A Lifetime – Talking Heads
15. Cruel To Be Kind – Nick Lowe
16. Kiss On My List – Hall & Oates
17. Da Ya Think I’m Sexy – Rod Stewart
18. While You See A Chance – Steve Winwood

Le Tour

To some (including me), July can mean only one thing – the Tour de France. This year’s edition is the 97th and is important for a couple of reasons.

First, it is the last-ever Tour de France for Lance Armstrong. This is his 13th Tour and it is proving to be an unlucky number for him. Despite being included amongst the favourites at the start, some initial bad luck and a prevailing lack of interest have led to what will be his poorest placing ever. He doesn’t seem to mind though and is, apparently, enjoying his last trek around France.

Second, it is the 100th anniversary of the inclusion of the Pyrenees in the race. The first seven years did not feature any large mountain passes, but in 1910 the organizer, Henri Desgrange, decided to include the Pyrenees. Legend has it that upon hearing the news, 26 of the 136 entrants immediately dropped out and most thought that Desgrange was being ‘dangerous’ and ‘bizarre’. The tenth stage of  the race included the Tourmalet and the Aubisque, both of them considered Hors Categorie in modern racing parlance. The organizers placed cars at the top of both of the climbs to watch for riders and record their placings at the summit. Most of them could barely turn the pedals as they approached the top of the climbs and hurled abuse at the race directors for being so inhumane.

Fast-forward to this year’s race, which features four long days in the Pyrenees. This year’s race is proving to be a two-man duel between Andy Schleck (Saxo-Bank) and Alberto Contador (Astana) with about half a dozen other riders fighting for the final place on the podium. The French are enjoying a resurgence at the front of this year’s race with five stage victories to-date. For years, the French complained that they were unable to win stages or produce a podium placing because of the rampant drug use by all the other nations represented in the Tour. Whether that is true or not, this Tour has been heralded as the cleanest in years and (so far) there have not been any positive results.

To pay homage to the greatest bicycle race in the world, I have compiled and mixed a podcast called ‘Le Tour’. Click here to listen to 14 songs about bikes. Viva le Tour!

Michael Jack5on

It is already one year, since Michael Jackson passed away in a whirlwind of controversy and surprise. To mark this anniversary, Billboard magazine published a special issue entitled, ‘Rediscovering Michael Jackson’.

One of the things that struck my curiosity was their list of Jackson’s top-performing singles throughout his career on the Billboard charts. A seemingly complicated system was used to weigh the performance of each single he released, during his four decade career. The system took into account, the number of weeks at Number 1, the weeks spent in the Hot 100, the weeks in the Top 10, Top 20 and Top 40. The resulting Number 1 song was a surprise. The legend’s best-charting song was not ‘Billie Jean’, but the second duet, ‘Say Say Say’, recorded with Paul McCartney. The Top 5 songs were (in reverse order):

05. Rock With You
04. Beat It
03. I’ll Be There
02. Billie Jean
01. Say Say Say

‘Say Say Say’ was recorded at the end of 1982 and appeared on McCartney’s second solo LP, ‘Pipes Of Peace’ in 1983. The song was the second time that Mac and Jack worked together, after McCartney appeared on ‘The Girl Is Mine’ from Jackson’s seminal album ‘Thriller’. The song quickly shot to Number 1, became Jackson’s seventh Top 10 hit within a year and the video, featuring the duo as vaudeville performers who peddle a ‘miracle potion’, received a lot of airplay on MTV.

Follow this link to play play play a mix of Jackson’s five top-performing songs.

Closer

“The past is now part of my future. The present is well out of hand.”
– Ian Curtis

It was on May 18th thirty years ago that Ian Curtis, the lead singer of Joy Division, took his own life.  It was on the eve of a trip to the States that could have introduced the band to American audiences and brought them closer to the international success they had been working for four years to attain.

In March 1980, the band temporarily re-located to London to begin recording their second album titled ‘Closer’.  The band’s popularity was building across the UK, while Ian’s personal life was falling apart.  No one in the band even noticed.

The lads decamped to Britannia Rows Studio in Islington for three weeks and, between listening to David Bowie, Iggy Pop and Kraftwerk records, they wrote and recorded ‘Closer’.  They were on a 1.50 per day subsistence, shared two flats and recorded most of the album at night.  But the band were in great spirits and believed they were on the cusp of ‘making it’.  During their time in London, Curtis was turned on to Frank Sinatra when the band’s management suggested he listen to ‘Old Blue Eyes’ because his lyrics had become much darker and depressing.  He agreed and enjoyed listening to Sinatra records throughout the entire recording of ‘Closer’.  The band reckon that he purposely sang like Frank on ‘Love Will Tear Us Apart’ just to annoy them all.

Curtis suffered from epilepsy for many years and his condition began to worsen when Joy Division toured with the Buzzcocks in the Autumn of 1979.  He was on medication but the rigorous touring and recording schedule started to take its toll on his frail health.  In April, following their stint in London, the group embarked on a small UK tour to promote the release of ‘Closer’, while it was being mixed.  Curtis’s seizures grew worse between shows and he even suffered several grand mal fits.  However, the band carried on.  Curtis refused to stop pushing himself because he really believed in Joy Divison and wanted them to be successful.  With the album ready for release, the single ‘Love Will Tear Us Apart’ in the charts and the flights to America booked, Curtis took his life on May 18, 1980.  The band cancelled the trip and postponed the album release.  Their would be no more Joy Division.  The three remaining members (Bernard Sumner, Peter Hook and Stephen Morris) changed their name to New Order and, eventually, achieved the success and recognition that Curtis had hoped for.

As a tribute to Ian, I have recorded a little mix of some Joy Division songs, along with a few of their influences during the recording of Closer.  I hope you enjoy it.

RIP Ian.

Studio 54

‘In fifteen minutes everybody will be famous’.
– Andy Warhol

In the 1960’s Andy Warhol famously once said that everyone would be famous for fifteen minutes.  After partying in Studio 54, he confessed that he was bored with his original quote and changed it to state that everyone (presumably in Studio 54) will be famous in fifteen minutes.

Studio 54 opened it’s doors on April 26, 1977 at 254 West 54th Street in Manhattan.  The site was originally a broadway theatre and then a television studio.  But after this day 33 years ago, it would become the most famous nightclub in the world.  Albeit the party was very short-lived because Studio 54 closed it’s doors exactly three years later on April 26, 1980.

But during those three years, Studio was the king of discotheques.  The club was opened by Steve Rubell and Ian Shrager and became infamously known for it’s over-the-top hedonism and infuriating door policies.  Apparently the two owners would stand outside the club and hand-pick the people they wanted to see inside, which usually consisted of a healthy mix of glamorous celebrities and nobodies.  However, being famous never meant guaranteed entry.  In fact, there are dozens of stories of some of the most famous people in the world being told to ‘f*ck off’.

The resident DJ, who oversaw the proceedings for the decadent three years was Richie Kaczor.  He was from New Jersey and considered by most to be a very technically gifted DJ, who could not only segue music impeccably but could beat-match while mixing as well.  With his DJ skills, an attentive crowd, a legendary sound system and the biggest discotheque in the world, he soon developed the power to ‘make’ a record just by playing it in Studio.  The most famous example of this was ‘I Will Survive’ by Gloria Gaynor, which started out as a B-side to her single ‘Substitue’.  After Kaczor got his hands on it and championed it, the song soon became the Studio 54 theme.

As a small tribute to Richie and the Studio, I have mixed a podcast of some of the Studio’s anthems.  From the opening song, ‘Devil’s Train’, which was the first song Richie every played in Studio 54, to ‘I Will Survive’, every chosen track was anthemic and an essential part of the disco magic that was captured within Studio’s walls in the late 1970s.

1970

Like the guy whose feet are too big for the bed, nothin’s worrying me… Or you if you click here

01. Little Green Bag – The George Baker Selection
02. And When I Die – Blood Sweat & Tears
03. Give Me Just A Little More Time – Chairmen Of The Board
04. For You Blue – The Beatles
05. American Woman – The Guess Who
06. Vehicle – Ides Of March
07. The Seeker – The Who
08. Mississippi Queen – Mountain
09. Victoria – The Kinks
10. Who Loves The Sun – The Velvet Underground
11. Spill The Wine – War
12. Ain’t It Funky Now – James Brown
13. Does Anybody Know What Time It Is? – Chicago
14. Viva Torado – El Chicano
15. We Gotta Get You A Woman – Todd Rundgren
16. Only Love Can Break Your Heart – Neil Young
17. Make It With You – Bread
18. Raindrops Keep Fallin’ On My Head – BJ Thomas

The King Of Pop Passes Away

One of the biggest, if not the biggest, entertainers the world has ever known has passed away. Michael Jackson died yesterday after going into cardiac arrest in his home in Beverly Hills.

The details surrounding his tragic death are still very unclear and it could be weeks until enough information is gathered to make sense of everything.

Undoubtedly, the amount of press coverage will be phenomenal. People everywhere are stunned and saddened by the news. Celebrities are remembering him and their condolences are travelling across the internet in a steady stream of tributes. Everyone from Dionne Warwick and Tina Turner to Arnold Schwarzenegger and P Diddy have spoken about their sadness and what Michael Jackson meant to them.

My hope is that the media and the press are kind to Michael in his death. He was, without a doubt, a very troubled man who had a lot of personal problems. But from what I have read, the people who were closest to him, while acknowledging his eccentricities, have all pointed out that they never saw him engage in any inappropriate behaviour nor was he ever found guilty of any accusations or allegations.

I would like to share with you some of my memories of Michael Jackson as I was growing up.

I remember seeing footage of Michael from the early 1970s performing with his brothers as the Jackson 5. His style and ability were years beyond his age. The only other person that I had ever seen dance like him was James Brown and Michael was one quarter of his age when he was doing it.

I remember hearing ‘Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough’ and ‘Rock With You’ on the radio all of the time after the release of ‘Off The Wall’ in 1979. It was Michael’s first real taste of super stardom and an indicator of things to come.

I remember hearing the first single from ‘Thriller’, ‘The Girl Is Mine’ with Paul McCartney, released about a month before the album. It was very different from the songs I knew on ‘Off The Wall’. Critics and the media hated it. The song made everyone wonder what the album was going to be like and whether it could live up to the success of it’s predecessor. It did. Little did anyone know at the time what was about to be unleashed on the world in the form of the next single; ‘Billie Jean’.

I remember seeing Michael perform on a Motown TV special in March of 1983. It changed absolutely everything in the world of music. He sang ‘Billie Jean’ and danced in a way that no one had ever seen before. He performed the ‘moonwalk’ for the first time, appearing to glide, not across the stage but above the stage. My family and I watched in total astonishment. After that, the song ‘Billie Jean’ was on the radio constantly. Every single person I knew bought a copy of ‘Thriller’. My brother and I both had a copy on cassette and we played them continuously for over one year. My father bought it. My aunts and uncles bought it. My friends all bought it. Even people who thought they were too cool for Michael Jackson, had a copy of it somewhere in their collection. 1983 was THE year of Michael Jackson.

I remember cycling to my grandparent’s house during the summer of 1983 to watch MTV. I had developed a real passion for New Wave music and couldn’t get enough of all the music videos. Despite a strictly white (and predominantly English) play list during the first two years, MTV did an about face and aired ‘Billie Jean’ and ‘Beat It’ numerous times a day throughout the sping and summer of that year. The songs opened the door for other black artists and MTV broadened it’s musical horizons.

I remember seeing the video for ‘Thriller’ for the first time on MTV at the end of 1983. The fourteen minute video had a world premiere like no other before it. The video was played at the top of the hour, every single hour, for the last few weeks of the year. It was like nothing neither I or anyone else had ever seen before. At the time, it was the most expensive video ever made (costing about $500,000.00) and contained nearly ten minutes of the best dancing in the world. And, of course, it had lots of zombies.

I remember Michael Jackson being EVERYWHERE in 1984. He was a guest on the song ‘Somebody’s Watching Me’ by Rockwell. He released the album ‘Victory’ with his brothers and embarked on a tour across the States, playing a lot of the songs from Thriller as well as the classic Jacksons songs. He won eight Grammys for ‘Thriller’. He co-wrote and sang on the single ‘We Are The World’ for famine relief in Africa. He made TV commercials for Pepsi. He sang on Paul McCartney’s song ‘Say Say Say’. He was the biggest star in the entire world.

For four or five years as I began to discover the world of music, I listened to everything I could find (or hear) – from my father’s Soul records to Classic Rock stations on the radio to Pop music and New Wave on MTV. Nothing was disregarded. Everything deserved at least one listen. And Michael Jackson was at the forefront of all these genres and my musical tastes. During the time in my life I fell in love with music, he was the undisputed King of Pop.

This is how I will remember Michael Jackson.

RIP Michael.

Run Kub Run

42.195 kilometers or (26.22 miles) 26 miles 385 yards. That is the distance I will run on 27 October when I compete in my first marathon in Dublin.

People say that the hardest part of a marathon is getting to the Start line and I think I may agree with that. I took the decision to run the Dublin marathon last New Year’s Eve and during the last ten months I have experienced a lot of ups and downs. Trials and tribulations. Challenges and achievements. Setbacks and breakthroughs.

As the race draws closer, I find myself hoping for a good time, wondering what it will feel like and worrying about whether I have properly prepared. However, I’m sure that once I cross the Start line and take my first step all of my thoughts will turn to surviving the race and making it to the Finish line. No matter what. The race will be be extremely hard but the suffering will be optional.

The history of the marathon traces all the way back to the legend of a Greek messenger. His name and the exact story differ between sources. One story claims that Pheidippides was sent from the town of Marathon to Athens to announce that the Persians had been defeated in the Battle of Marathon. After arriving and proclaiming victory, he dropped dead. Another story claims that Pheidippides was sent as a messenger who ran from Athens to Sparta and back (240 kilometers) to ask for help during the Greco-Persian Wars.

Irregardless of the myth, the first marathon was run as part of the 1896 Olympics in Greece. A selection race wsa run prior to the Olympics and the winning time was 3 hours 18 minutes. The Olympic marathon race was run in 2 hours 58 minutes 50 seconds.

The distance was 40 kilometers and it varied by several kilometers until 1924 when it was fixed at 42.195.

More than 800 marathons are run all over the world each year. The World Record was just set on 28 September in Berlin by Haile Gebrselassie from Ethiopia in a time of 2 hours 3 minutes and 59 seconds. The next two fastest times ever recorded were by Kenyans Paul Tergat (2 hours 4 minutes 55 seconds) and Sammy Korir (2 hours 4 minutes 56 seconds) during the same race! What is even more interesting is that the previous fastest three times were all set in London this year on 13 April. The slowest marathon ever run is 4 days 2 hours 47 minutes 17 seconds by Bob Wieland. Incredibly Bob ran with his arms, after losing his legs in the Vietnam War. He averaged one mile an hour.

Twenty-seven people have run a marathon on each of the seven continents. In 2006, Sam Thompson and Dean Karnazes each ran the equivalent distances of 50 marathons in 50 consecutive days in 50 different States. Richard Worley ran a marathon every weekend for 159 weekends in a row. In 2007, Larry Macon ran 93 marathons. Horst Preisler of Germany has run more than 1150 marathons in his lifetime.

In the coming days I will be training, resting and thinking about what lies ahead. What I have to do is pretty simple – just get to the finish. No matter what happens or what difficulties I face along the way. In the words of Dwight D Eisenhower, “What matters is not necessarily the size of the dog in the fight – it’s the size of the fight in the dog.”

You can check out some of the tunes that I will be listening to during my preparation.

00:00:01 Born To Run ~ Bruce Springsteen
00:00:02 Always On The Run ~ Lenny Kravitz
00:00:03 (I’m A) Road Runner ~ Jr Walker & The All-Stars
00:00:04 Move Your Feet ~ Junior Senior
00:00:05 Marathon Runner ~ Aural Exciters
00:00:06 Runnin’ ~ Slope
00:00:07 Run On ~ Moby
00:00:08 Flash ~ Queen
00:00:09 Up The Hill And Down The Slope ~ The Loft
00:00:10 Come On Feet ~ Pete And The Pirates
00:00:11 Road Runner ~ Bo Diddley
00:00:12 Feeling Fine ~ Sharpshooters
00:00:13 The Long Run ~ The Eagles
00:00:14 King Of The Road ~ REM
00:00:15 Mr Success ~ Frank Sinatra

Keep on runnin’…

The Way Of The Dragon

 

Lee’s father forced him to move back to America when he was 19 after getting into a fight and severely injuring his opponent. Upon returning to the States, he moved to Seattle and began teaching martial arts. He modified what he had learned and improvised techniques in an effort to develop his own system with an emphasis on practicality, flexibility, speed and efficiency.

By 1965, he originated Jeet Kune Do whose symbols indicated that ‘using no way as the way’ and ‘having no limitation as a limitation’. He threw out the formalised approaches that he felt held back the traditional styles of martial arts. He adopted and emphasized ‘the style of no style’. He lived his life and taught his students how to exist outside of parameters and boundaries.

Lee met and taught several famous people in his studios, including:
Kareem Abdul-Jabar
Steve McQueen
James Coburn
Roman Polanski
Chuck Norris

Physical Abilities
Lee’s philosophy and exceptional training program meant that he was able to achieve a phenomenal level of fitness and perform exceptional physical feats, which included:

* Achieving striking speeds of five hundredths of a second from three feet away with his hands down by his side.

* Lifting a dime off a person’s open palm and leaving a penny behind before they could close their hand.

* Performing push-ups using only his thumbs.

* Performing up to 50 repetitions of one arm chin-ups.

* Throwing a grain of rice in the air and then catching it in mid-flight with a pair of chop sticks.

* Thrusting his fingers through unopened steel cans of Coca-Cola.

Acting
Lee began acting (if you can call it that) at the age of only three months and continued throughout his entire life. He died shortly after filming completed for ‘Enter The Dragon’.

Here is a list of his film credits:

Childhood
1940 – Golden Gate Girl
1946 – The Beginning Of A Boy
1946 – The Birth Of Mankind
1946 – My Son, Ah Cheun
1958 – It’s Father’s Fault
1958 – The Orphan

Adulthood
1969 – Marlowe
1971 – The Big Boss / Fists Of Fury (US)
1971 – Fists Of Fury / The Chinese Connection (US)
1972 – Way Of The Dragon / Return Of The Dragon (US)
1972 – Game Of Death (completed and released after his death)
1973 – Enter The Dragon

Philosophy
Lee was believed to have more than 2500 books in his personal library and his eclectic philosophy was a result of borrowing something from everything that he read or studied. Ultimately, he believed that any knowledge led to self-knowledge and that each person had a chosen method of self-expression based on their knowledge.

Quotability
“A fight is not won by one punch or kick. Either learn to endure or hire a bodyguard.”

“A glass that is half empty is better than a fully broken glass.”

“A wise man can learn more from a foolish question than a fool can learn from a wise answer.”

“Balance your thoughts with action. If you spend too much time thinking about a thing, you’ll never get it done.”

“Cease negative mental chattering. If you think a thing is impossible, you will make it impossible. Pessimism blunts the tools you need to succeed.”

“Don’t fear failure. Not failure but low aim is the crime. In great attempts it is glorious even to fail.”

“If you always put a limit on everything you do, it will spread into your life. There are no limits. There are only plateaus and you must not stay there. You must go beyond them.”

“In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity.”

“Know the difference between a catastrophe and an inconvenience. To realise that something is just an unpleasantness is part of coming into your own, part of waking up.”

“Optimism is a faith that leads to success.”

“Simplicity is the key to brilliance.”

“Take inventory of everyone with whom you have contact.”

“To be perfectly frank, I really do not. I believe in sleeping.”
– When asked if he believed in God.

“To me, the function and duty of a quality human is the sincere and honest development of one’s potential.”

“Use only that which works and take it from any place you can find it.”

“We all have time to spend or waste and it is our decision what to do with it. But once passed, it is gone forever.”

“We are always in the process of becoming and nothing is fixed.”

“What you habitually think largely determines what you will ultimately become.”

“Your best move is the one you regret not doing.”

Music
Kick or chop here to listen to the Bruce Lee mix.

01. Bruce Lee Speaks (Part 1) :: Bruce Lee
02. The Dragon :: Homeless Balloon
03. Bruce Lee :: Underworld
04. Bruce Lee Speaks (Part 2) :: Bruce Lee
05. Kung Fu Fighting :: Karl Douglas
06. Martial Beat Arts :: The Quiet ft DJ Silent
07. Bruce Lee Speaks (Part 3) :: Bruce Lee
08. China :: Red Rockers
09. Karate Stance :: The Combovers
10. Bruce Lee Speaks (Part 4) :: Bruce Lee

Martial Arts
Bruce Lee was born in San Francisco in 1940 and grew up in Hong Kong. He was introduced to martial arts by his father and began formal training at the age of 13. He excelled in Wing Chung Gung Fu and was eventually trained privately for several years by his master, who greatly influenced him. In addition to studying Gung Fu, he also boxed and became a champion at the age of 18, beating many of the best amateur fighters his age in Hong Kong. Lee’s brother, Peter, was a champion fencer and Bruce learned the techniques of the sport from him. This wide range of influences and abilities helped Lee formulate his own style of Kung Fu later in life.